What is the procedure of removing hyperpigmentation and erythema?
Hyperpigmentation (melasma) is a common problem in dermatological office patients. Melasma results from overproduction of melanin (skin pigment) and appears on the skin in the form of light/dark brown spots and freckles. Hormonal disorders, pregnancy, oral contraceptives or sun radiation due to excessive sun exposure are conducive to the formation of hyperpigmentation. Discoloration can be a big aesthetic problem and a source of mental discomfort to many people. Fortunately, modern aesthetic medicine provides access to advanced technologies that deal with this problem.
Facial erythema is most often associated with having a vascular complexion. The erythema is a net of shallow blood vessels in the skin invisible to the naked eye. This type of skin requires special care because vascular skin is thin, delicate and very susceptible to irritation. Moreover, vascular skin manifests itself by the appearance of paroxysmal or persistent erythema and dilated blood vessels (so-called telangiectasias) most often in the area of the nose, cheeks and chin. Such skin should be properly cared for, because improper treatment may lead to the development of acne rosacea.
Dye-VL laser treatment from the Alma Harmony Rejuve platform is an extremely effective and minimally invasive way to get rid of erythema, dilated blood vessels and hyperpigmentation and bring photo rejuvenation of the skin. This innovative technology emits a narrowband pulsed light source in the 500-600 nm range, making the treatment very safe. The length of the light is well absorbed by melanin which enables elimination of hyperpigmentation. Heating up the cells containing pigment (melanocytes) leads to their thermal destruction. The pigmented lesion darkens immediately after the treatment and is later gradually absorbed until it disappears. The aim of treating vascular lesions is to thermally damage abnormal capillaries, hemangiomas, and allow them to be naturally absorbed by the body. The treatment of vascular lesions uses the mechanism of absorption of light emitted by oxyhemglobin – the pigment of red blood cells, thanks to which the erythrocytes and the vessels in which they are located are destroyed. After such damage, only the vessel walls remain, they later collapse and become absorbed and cleaned up by the body itself.
The effects of the treatment are usually immediately visible, but for best results we recommend performing about 3 treatments, 4 weeks apart. The skin gains firmness, evened out color and the wrinkles shallow visibly. Fast treatment, spectacular effects and low invasiveness, as well as high safety, virtually no risk of burns and quick return to normal life of the patient are undoubtedly the reasons for the ever growing popularity of Dye VL treatment.
- Vascular lesions such as erythema, spider veins, hemangiomas, telangiectasias, nevi ruby rosacea
- Pigmentation changes of the skin: discoloration, melasma, freckles, lentigines spots
- Gray, dull skin with loss of color
- Fine wrinkles
What does the treatment look like
The treatment is short and non-invasive. It is performed on untanned skin. The doctor or cosmetologist applies a special gel onto the skins surface and then guides the head of the device over the treated area. The laser does not damage the skins surface, so the patient can return to normal activities straight after the procedure. Immediately after the procedure a slight erythema or swelling may occur – it is recommended to cool the skin after the treatment for about 30 minutes using cold-packs.
Dye-VL treatment is an excellent solution for fighting skin photoaging by reducing vascular and pigmentation changes (hyperpigmentation, erythema, melasma) on the face, neck, cleavage and/or hands. Dye-VL is a good prevention therapy for shallowly vascularized and sensitive skin, as well as in the treatment of rosacea. After a series of treatments the skin gains an evened out skin tone without any discoloration. It looks fresh and healthy. Its firmness and tension improve. In addition, it helps with the reduction of erythema and removal of dilated capillaries, as well as shallowing of fine wrinkles.
- Pregnancy, breastfeeding
- Taking photosensitizing drugs (including retinoids, tetracyclines, metronidazole, fruit acids, chemical acids, vitamin C)
- Taking photosensitizing herbs (such as chamomile, pansy, St. John’s wort, calendula, field horsetail, ginkgo biloba, echinacea, Figura teas – discontinue 2 weeks before the procedure) – Fresh tanning bed/solarium/self-tanner within 4 weeks before the treatment
- Photodermatoses (diseases aggravated by light)
- Malignant tumours
- Vitiligo, psoriasis
- Blood coagulation disorders
- A tendency for scarring
- Active skin infections in the treatment site (fungal, viral, bacterial)